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History Opinion Technology

Why Technology Advanced So Quickly the Past 200 Years | Intellectual Takeout

Technology has advanced exponentially since the Industrial Revolution 200 years ago. But why?

That’s a question I’ve frequently wondered about, and one that Lewis Mumford sought to answer in his 1934 classic Technics & Civilization.

Below are four of the ideological shifts that Mumford believes prepared the way for the modern development of technology:

1) The Invention of the Clock

The invention of the mechanical clock—which appeared in medieval cities in the 13th century—was prepared for by the European monasteries, which desired to create a more ordered and regulated existence apart from the chaos that dwelt outside their walls.

2) A Changed Understanding of Space and Movement

The Middle Ages tended to conceive space as primarily symbolic of the divine. According to Mumford, “a revolutionary change in the conception of space took place” between the 14th and 17th centuries,

3) The Influence of Capitalism

The shift from a barter economy to a capitalist one brought about “constant reference to abstract symbols of wealth: gold, drafts, bills of exchange, eventually merely numbers.

4) A Turn from the Supernatural to the Natural

“Meanwhile, with the transformation of the concepts of time and space went a change in the direction of interest from the heavenly world to the natural one… Nature [now] existed to be explored, to be invaded, to be conquered, and finally, to be understood.”

Source: Why Technology Advanced So Quickly the Past 200 Years | Intellectual Takeout

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Computers Internet Opinion Technology

Unremovable malware found preinstalled on low-end smartphone sold in the US | ZDNet

umx-phone-glitched.pngLow-end smartphones sold to Americans with low-income via a government-subsidized program contain unremovable malware, security firm Malware bytes said today in a report.

The smartphone model is Unimax (UMX) U686CL, a low-end Android-based smartphone made in China and sold by Assurance Wireless, a cell phone service provider part of the Virgin Mobile group.

The telco sells cell phones part of Lifeline, a government program that subsidizes phone service for low-income Americans.

“In late 2019, we saw several complaints in our support system from users with a government-issued phone reporting that some of its pre-installed apps were malicious,” Malwarebytes said in a report published today.

The company said it purchased a UMX U686CL smartphone and analyzed it to confirm the reports it was receiving.

ADUPS BACKDOOR

For starters, Malwarebytes said it found that one of the phone’s components, an app named Wireless Update, contained the Adups malware.

The Adups malware was discovered in 2017 by Kryptowire, and it’s a malicious firmware component created by a Chinese company of the same name.

Source: Unremovable malware found preinstalled on low-end smartphone sold in the US | ZDNet

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Computers Internet News Opinion Technology

Must-have Windows 10 update will leave YOU with a HUGE bill | Express.co.uk

WINDOWS 7’s end of life arrives this month, which means those who want to stay up-to-date will have to pay to upgrade their ageing hardware to Windows 10.

Microsoft has been warning us that this day would come. And now, it’s almost here. Windows 7 end of life lands on January 14, 2020. After that deadline, Windows users running older versions of the desktop operating system will face a difficult choice – cough-up for a hefty bill to upgrade to Windows 10, or brace themselves for some dangerous risks on their home PC.

By ending support for the ageing Windows 7 operating system, which was first launched back in July 2009, Microsoft will stop rolling-out updates with new features, security updates or protections against malware. That means any issues with the software – or any new vulnerabilities discovered by cybercriminals – can be leveraged from indefinitely. Less serious, perhaps – but this also means any annoying bugs or glitches that crop-up will also be immortalised in the operating system.

If you’d like to benefit from the latest security protections and anti-virus solutions from Microsoft, you’ll have to update your machine to an operating system the Redmond-based company does support – namely, Windows 10. Although Microsoft has offered free upgrades to users running official versions of its operating systems in the past, that’s not possible at the moment.

Source: Must-have Windows 10 update will leave YOU with a HUGE bill | Express.co.uk

Categories
Computers Internet Opinion Technology

In The 2010s, We All Became Alienated By Technology

We were promised community, civics, and convenience. Instead, we found ourselves dislocated, distrustful, and disengaged.

In April 1997, Wired magazine published a feature with the grand and regrettable title “Birth of a Digital Nation.” It was a good time to make sweeping, sunny pronouncements about the future of the United States and technology. The US stood alone astride the globe. Its stock market was booming. Microsoft was about to become the world’s most valuable company, a first for a tech firm. A computer built by IBM was about to beat the world chess champion at his own game.

And yet, the journalist Jon Katz argued, the country was on the verge of something even greater than prosperity and progress — something that would change the course of world history. Led by the Digital Nation, “a new social class” of “young, educated, affluent” urbanites whose “business, social and cultural lives increasingly revolve around” the internet, a revolution was at hand, which would produce unprecedented levels of civic engagement and freedom.

 sent them berserk.

Though challenged at the edges, this sense lingered. As late as 2012, even as the vast platforms that now control the internet had assumed their current shapes, the bestselling author Steven Johnson argued the glass was half full in his book Future Perfect — that “peer progressives,” enlightened digital natives, would end entrenched social and political problems through crowdsourcing.

Looking back from the shaky edge of a new decade, it’s clear that the past 10 years saw many Americans snap out of this dream, shaken awake by a brutal series of shocks and dislocations from the very changes that were supposed to “create a civilization of the Mind in Cyberspace.” When they opened their eyes, they did indeed see that the Digital Nation had been born. Only it hadn’t set them free. They were being ruled by it. It hadn’t tamed politics. It sent them berserk.

And it hadn’t brought people closer together.

It had alienated them.

Source: In The 2010s, We All Became Alienated By Technology

Categories
Disasters News Opinion Space Technology

Watch: SpaceX’s new Starship just exploded during testing | SOFREP

SpaceX’s next generation rocket, known as the Starship, may one day ferry passengers and cargo to and from distant locations like the Moon and Mars.

Source: Watch: SpaceX’s new Starship just exploded during testing | SOFREP

Categories
Health Medical Technology

Brain waves breakthrough: Mind-reading computer enables paralysed man to walk – YouTube

A quadriplegic man has walked again thanks to an artificial intelligence breakthrough. A four-limb robotic exoskeleton controlled by brain signals helped a paralysed man to move his arms and walk using a ceiling-mounted harness for balance. Get the latest headlines: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/

Categories
Space Technology US

Elon Musk reveals SpaceX’s stainless steel Starship rocket – TechSpot

What just happened? On Saturday at the Boca Chica Beach, Texas, Elon Musk showed off the first shiny steel prototype of SpaceX’s deep-space bound ‘Starship’ rocket, just a few moments after the company’s employees had finished assembling it. Musk gave a presentation on “the most powerful rocket in history” and discussed Starship’s stainless steel design as it stood next to the Falcon 1, the company’s first rocket that made it to orbit eleven years ago.

Earlier this month, SpaceX confirmed plans to begin testing its orbital-class ‘Starship’ rocket whose first prototype was completed over the weekend. A 200-ton, 165 ft-tall stainless steel rocket that will use three of SpaceX’s next-gen Raptor engines to test out its flight capabilities through a series of propulsive landing tests.

Source: Elon Musk reveals SpaceX’s stainless steel Starship rocket – TechSpot

Categories
Computers Disasters Internet Technology

New Hack Unlocks ‘Hundreds of Millions’ of iPhones: What You Need to Know | Tom’s Guide

The days of the “hack-proof” iPhone may be over.

A pseudonymous Twitter user called axi0mX posted a thread today (Sept. 27) introducing checkm8, a “permanent unpatchable bootrom exploit for hundreds of millions of iOS devices.”

“Most generations of iPhones and iPads are vulnerable,” axi0mX continued, “from iPhone 4S (A5 chip) to iPhone 8 and iPhone X (A11 chip). … This is possibly the biggest news in [the] iOS jailbreak community in years.”

Source: New Hack Unlocks ‘Hundreds of Millions’ of iPhones: What You Need to Know | Tom’s Guide

Categories
Computers Internet News Opinion Technology

A new Internet Explorer bug can take over your entire PC, so stop using it | PCWorld

Microsoft and Google warn that a new bug discovered in Internet Explorer for Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10 can totally take over your PC.

If you haven’t moved beyond Internet Explorer, here’s another reason to do so: Google and Microsoft have discovered a new IE vulnerability that can take over your entire PC.

Microsoft published CVE-2019-1367 on Monday, a scripting engine memory corruption vulnerability that exists within basically every version of Internet Explorer for Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10. (Discovery of the bug was credited to Clément Lecigne of Google’s Threat Analysis Group, and reported earlier by The Register.) The vulnerability “corrupt[s] memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user,” according to Microsoft.

The alert goes on explain what this means for users. “An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user,” Microsoft says. “If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.”

In other words, if an attacker is able to convince you to click on an affected webpage, that attacker can do whatever they want to your PC and your stored data.

Source: A new Internet Explorer bug can take over your entire PC, so stop using it | PCWorld

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Business Computers Internet News Opinion Technology US

Verizon is down for the second time in less than a week | Android Central

On Monday, September 23, Verizon subscribers reported service issues with the wireless service. Taking a look at Down Detector and Twitter, there are complaints about data not working, Verizon’s website being down for some people, and new phone activations not working..

Source: Verizon is down for the second time in less than a week | Android Central

Categories
Economy History Jobs News Opinion Technology US

Labor unions are pushing for a four-day workweek – Vox

Americans once worked 100 hours a week, six days in a row. Then, in 1940, came the five-day workweek.

Now labor unions are making the case for even less work: dropping days worked down to four.

That’s one of the changes unions are proposing as part of their vision for the future of work, which is outlined in a report to be released Friday by the AFL-CIO, the largest federation of labor unions in the US. (Disclosure: I am a member of the Writers Guild of America East, which is part of the AFL-CIO.) The report, which was shared in advance with Vox, focuses on finding ways to make sure workers can best benefit from automation and other technological changes.

As technology makes workers more productive, unions argue, why not give them three-day weekends? Not 40 hours compressed into four days. Labor unions are proposing a 32-hour workweek, with employees earning no less than they did before.

Source: Labor unions are pushing for a four-day workweek – Vox

Categories
Computers Opinion Technology

See How AI Stereotypes You

Computers think they know who you are. Artificial intelligence algorithms can recognize objects from images, even faces. But we rarely get a peek under the hood of facial recognition algorithms. Now, with ImageNet Roulette, we can watch an AI jump to conclusions. Some of its guesses are funny, others…racist.

ImageNet Roulette was designed as part of an art and technology museum exhibit called Training Humans to show us the messy insides of the facial recognition algorithms that we might otherwise assume are straightforward and unbiased. It uses data from one of the large, standard databases used in AI research. Upload a photo, and the algorithm will show you what it thinks you are. My first selfie was labeled “nonsmoker.” Another was just labeled “face.” Our editor-in-chief was labeled a “psycholinguist.”

Source: See How AI Stereotypes You

Categories
India Space Technology

India’s Attempt To Land Rover At Moon’s South Pole Fails

The spacecraft’s descent was going as planned until it reached an altitude of 2.1 km over the surface. “Subsequently, communication from Lander to the ground stations was lost,” scientists explained.

Source: India’s Attempt To Land Rover At Moon’s South Pole Fails

Categories
Space Technology

Nuclear Propulsion Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ for Space Exploration, NASA Chief Says | Space

And the tech could power asteroid-deflecting lasers as well.

Spacecraft powered by such engines could conceivably reach Mars in just three to four months — about half the time of the fastest possible trip in a vehicle with traditional chemical propulsion, said Rex Geveden, the president and CEO of BWX Technologies Inc.

Source: Nuclear Propulsion Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ for Space Exploration, NASA Chief Says | Space

Categories
Autos Technology

Toyota recalls 14,200 RAV4 SUVs over faulty backup camera – Roadshow

When the driver puts the vehicle in reverse, the backup camera may not flick on as it should.

According to the NHTSA documents filed earlier this month, 14,215 RAV4 models are subject to the recall but Toyota estimates fewer than 1% of the models have the actual defect. Affected RAV4 and RAV4 Hybrid models were made between May 27, 2019, and July 27, 2019.

The automaker traced the backup camera issue to a damaged electrical connector. During a part check, one of the pins on the audio display unit may have bent in a way that affects the backup camera. When the driver selects the reverse gear, the backup camera may not activate and display on the interior touchscreen as it’s supposed to.

Source: Toyota recalls 14,200 RAV4 SUVs over faulty backup camera – Roadshow

Categories
Computers Internet Opinion Technology

Oh Great, Microsoft’s Important Windows 10 Update Might Be Causing Some PCs To Crash

Some users have reported issues getting Microsoft’s latest Patch Tuesday update to install, and others claim it is causing their PCs to randomly restart.

Source: Oh Great, Microsoft’s Important Windows 10 Update Might Be Causing Some PCs To Crash

Categories
News Opinion Space Technology

Rocket Lab will reuse its rockets by catching them with a helicopter

SpaceX won’t be the only company reusing its rockets for payload deliveries. Rocket Lab has unveiled plans to recover the first stage of its Electron vehicle. The strategy’s first phase will have Rocket Lab recovering the stage from the ocean and refurbishing it for later. A second phase will be more… audacious. The company intends to have the stage “captured mid-air” by a helicopter, with the aircraft hooking on to the rocket’s parachute array during the descent. It won’t be as elegant as SpaceX’s rocket landings, but it will be efficient if it works as planned.

Source: Rocket Lab will reuse its rockets by catching them with a helicopter

 

Categories
Airplanes News Technology

French inventor successfully soars over English Channel on hoverboard | Fox News

The French inventor of the jet-powered hoverboard soared over the English Channel despite wind gusts Sunday, becoming the first to cross the channel in such a futuristic way after failing in his first attempt last month.

Source: French inventor successfully soars over English Channel on hoverboard | Fox News

Categories
Celebrities Computers Education Internet News Obituary Opinion Science Technology US

Fernando Corbató, a Father of Your Computer (and Your Password), Dies at 93 – New York Times

 

Fernando Corbató at M.I.T.’s computer lab in an undated photo. His computer time-sharing system developed there paved the way for the personal computer.
CreditMIT CSAIL

By Katie Hafner

Fernando Corbató, whose work on computer time-sharing in the 1960s helped pave the way for the personal computer, as well as the computer password, died on Friday at a nursing home in Newburyport, Mass. He was 93.

His wife, Emily Corbató, said the cause was complications of diabetes. At his death he was a professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Dr. Corbató, who spent his entire career at M.I.T., oversaw a project in the early 1960s called the Compatible Time-Sharing System, or C.T.S.S., which allowed multiple users in different locations to access a single computer simultaneously through telephone lines.

At the time, computing was done in large batches, and users typically had to wait until the next day to get the results of a computation.

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/12/science/fernando-corbato-dead.html

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News Opinion Technology

Power restored after NYC transformer fire causes blackout in part of Manhattan, officials say | Fox News

Power was slowly being restored to thousands of customers in New York City Saturday evening after an outage that knocked out traffic lights, stalled elevators and limited subway service.

Just before midnight, Con Edison CEO John McAvoy said in a news conference that all 73,000 customers affected by the outage in Midtown Manhattan and the Upper West Side had power restored. At its peak, the outage affected an area from 71st Street south to 42nd Street and east from the West Side Highway to Fifth Avenue.

New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo added that although service was restored some traffic lights remained out and New Yorkers should stay indoors for their safety.

Source: Power restored after NYC transformer fire causes blackout in part of Manhattan, officials say | Fox News

Categories
Business Technology

Amazon To Spend $700 Million Training 100,000 Employees For Tech Jobs : NPR

Amazon plans to invest $700 million to train a third of its U.S. workforce for higher-skilled jobs. The company acknowledged that workers could use their new skills to seek jobs outside Amazon.

Source: Amazon To Spend $700 Million Training 100,000 Employees For Tech Jobs : NPR

Categories
News Opinion Technology US

Why The US Has No High-Speed Rail – YouTube

 

China has the world’s fastest and largest high-speed rail network — more than 19,000 miles, the vast majority of which was built in the past decade. Japan’s bullet trains can reach nearly 200 miles per hour and date to the 1960s. They have moved more than 9 billion people without a single passenger causality. casualty France began service of the high-speed TGV train in 1981 and the rest of Europe quickly followed. But the U.S. has no true high-speed trains, aside from sections of Amtrak’s Acela line in the Northeast Corridor. The Acela can reach 150 mph for only 34 miles of its 457-mile span. Its average speed between New York and Boston is about 65 mph. California’s high-speed rail system is under construction, but whether it will ever get completed as intended is uncertain. Watch the video to see why the U.S. continues to fail with high-speed trains, and some companies that are trying to fix that. » Subscribe to CNBC: http://cnb.cx/SubscribeCNBC » Subscribe to CNBC TV: http://cnb.cx/SubscribeCNBCtelevision » Subscribe to CNBC Classic: http://cnb.cx/SubscribeCNBCclassic

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Business Entertainment Technology Television US

How Adam Savage built a real Iron Man suit that flies – YouTube

We went behind the scenes with former MythBusters star Adam Savage for his new series Savage Builds. In the first episode Adam builds a titanium Iron Man suit modeled directly from Marvel Studios, with the hopes of actually flying it.

Categories
Business Technology

Target registers back online after widespread outage

Target on Saturday acknowledged a “systems issue” that affected stores for over two hours as shoppers took to social media to complain that cash registers weren’t working.

Source: Target registers back online after widespread outage

Categories
Pacific Technology World

Breaking record for deepest dive, explorer says Pacific’s Mariana Trench ‘incredibly peaceful place’ | Fox News

Victor Vescovo took the journey to what is believed to be the deepest point mankind has visited in any ocean — finding shocking things from new species to human trash — and told Fox News on Tuesday that the discovery of plastic in such far reaches proves the need for more vigilance to protect the oceans.

Source: Breaking record for deepest dive, explorer says Pacific’s Mariana Trench ‘incredibly peaceful place’ | Fox News

Categories
Disasters History News Technology

Mon Incline REOPENS| TribLIVE.com

The incline has been out of service since Feb. 4 to repair damage caused by flooding. On Jan. 19, a Pittsburgh Water and Sewer Authority water main that runs along Grandview Avenue in Mt. Washington broke, flooding the upper station and forcing it to close for five days.

Two weeks later, that same water main broke in two separate locations causing extensive damage.

“I want to thank the residents and businesses in the Hilltop communities, especially those in Mt. Washington, who have been extremely patient over the last three months,” Port Authority of Allegheny County Development Officer David Huffaker said in a news release. “Closing the incline for an extended period of time certainly was difficult, but for safety reasons had to be done.”

Inspectors from the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry authorized the reopening of the incline Thursday afternoon

Source: Mon Incline set to reopen Friday | TribLIVE.com

Categories
News Space Technology

SpaceX launches space station resupply mission, lands rocket on drone ship – Spaceflight Now

Less than nine minutes later, the rocket’s first stage booster fell from the sky and executed a pinpoint propulsive landing just offshore, setting the stage for another resupply mission for NASA using the same rocket this summer using the same vehicle.

The 213-foot-tall (65-meter) rocket lifted off with a flash from its nine Merlin 1D main engines at 2:48:58 a.m. EDT (0648:58 GMT), roughly the moment Cape Canaveral rotated under space station’s orbital plane.

The Falcon 9 tilted toward the northeast to align with the space station’s flight path, riding 1.7 million pounds of thrust as roared into a starry sky. Less than two-and-a-half minutes later, the rocket’s first stage booster shut down and separated to begin a descent back to Earth, targeting SpaceX’s drone ship “Of Course I Still Love You” parked around 14 miles (22 kilometers) east of Cape Canaveral in the Atlantic Ocean.

The first stage lit three of its engines to begin a boost-back burn to reverse course and head back toward Florida’s Space Coast, while the Falcon 9’s upper stage continued with the primary objective of Saturday’s mission — the delivery into orbit of a Dragon cargo craft packed with 5,472 pounds (2,482 kilograms) of supplies, provisions and experiments for the station and its six-person crew.

The interaction exhaust plumes from the Falcon 9’s first and second stage Merlin engines produced a spectacular lighting effect, giving the appearance of a cosmic nebula high above the Florida spaceport.

Source: SpaceX launches space station resupply mission, lands rocket on drone ship – Spaceflight Now

Categories
Military News Opinion Technology

Warfighters Need ‘Uncompromised’ Technology, Official Says > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE > Article

 

“We are in a very highly contested environment, with our opponents quite successfully taking our stuff,” William Stephens said at a forum on supply chain security and software at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, noting that U.S. intelligence analysts and other sources support that assessment.

Techniques adversaries use to figure out new U.S. technology before soldiers or airmen get a chance to use it vary greatly, he said, but include such things as exploitation of relationships in the technology community — such as at conferences and trade shows — as well as email and mail, surveillance, exploitation of cyber operations, exports or supply chains, and even insider access and outright theft.

Americans pay for a lot of technology to support the warfighter, Stephens said, and when that technology is compromised before the warfighter is able to use it, Americans lose out on their investment. But the biggest threat from compromised technology, he added, is to warfighters themselves.

Source: Warfighters Need ‘Uncompromised’ Technology, Official Says > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE > Article

Categories
Internet News Opinion Social Media Social networking Technology US

BlackBerry Messenger is shutting down for consumers on May 31st | PhoneDog

It’s time to pour one out, because BlackBerry Messenger is shutting down.

It was announced today that the consumer version of BBM is closing on May 31st, 2019. After that date, the BBM app will stop working. Emtek, who licensed the BBM consumer business from BlackBerry in 2016, says that BBM stickers and BBMoji can’t be exported out of the app, so you won’t be able to use them after the shutdown. You can issue refunds of your in-app purchases for stickers that you’ve bought, though.

Source: BlackBerry Messenger is shutting down for consumers on May 31st | PhoneDog

Categories
Autos Technology

BBC – Autos – Seven ways the driverless car will change your life

Autonomous vehicles will bring about an age of safe and effortless travel. But anything that comes with a trunk also comes with baggage.

Source: BBC – Autos – Seven ways the driverless car will change your life