That’s a question I’ve frequently wondered about, and one that Lewis Mumford sought to answer in his 1934 classic Technics & Civilization.
Below are four of the ideological shifts that Mumford believes prepared the way for the modern development of technology:
1) The Invention of the Clock
The invention of the mechanical clock—which appeared in medieval cities in the 13th century—was prepared for by the European monasteries, which desired to create a more ordered and regulated existence apart from the chaos that dwelt outside their walls.
2) A Changed Understanding of Space and Movement
The Middle Ages tended to conceive space as primarily symbolic of the divine. According to Mumford, “a revolutionary change in the conception of space took place” between the 14th and 17th centuries,
3) The Influence of Capitalism
The shift from a barter economy to a capitalist one brought about “constant reference to abstract symbols of wealth: gold, drafts, bills of exchange, eventually merely numbers.
4) A Turn from the Supernatural to the Natural
“Meanwhile, with the transformation of the concepts of time and space went a change in the direction of interest from the heavenly world to the natural one… Nature [now] existed to be explored, to be invaded, to be conquered, and finally, to be understood.”
Giant Eagle is eyeing a future without plastic bags, and for several stores, it begins Wednesday.
Some Giant Eagle stores are part of a six-month pilot program that eliminates single-use plastic bags.As an alternative, reusable bags will be sold for 99 cents. Paper bags will cost a dime.
For a limited time, a “one perk per reusable bag used” promotion will be available to customers who bring their own bags.
The program is being tested at Giant Eagle’s Waterworks Market District store in the Pittsburgh area, as well as at stores in Cuyahoga County and Bexley, Ohio.
According to a press release, Giant Eagle is committed to phasing out the blue-colored plastic bags in all city of Pittsburgh stores “in the coming months.”
Giant Eagle aims to eliminate single-use plastics by 2025.
For more information about Giant Eagle’s sustainability efforts, go to GiantEagle.com/AllOfUs.
Low-end smartphones sold to Americans with low-income via a government-subsidized program contain unremovable malware, security firm Malware bytes said today in a report.
The smartphone model is Unimax (UMX) U686CL, a low-end Android-based smartphone made in China and sold by Assurance Wireless, a cell phone service provider part of the Virgin Mobile group.
The telco sells cell phones part of Lifeline, a government program that subsidizes phone service for low-income Americans.
“In late 2019, we saw several complaints in our support system from users with a government-issued phone reporting that some of its pre-installed apps were malicious,” Malwarebytes said in a report published today.
The company said it purchased a UMX U686CL smartphone and analyzed it to confirm the reports it was receiving.
For starters, Malwarebytes said it found that one of the phone’s components, an app named Wireless Update, contained the Adups malware.
The Adups malware was discovered in 2017 by Kryptowire, and it’s a malicious firmware component created by a Chinese company of the same name.
Barr says DOJ was consulted before Soleimani strike as Trump blasts media and their ‘Democrat partners’
Attorney General William Barr on Monday said President Trump had consulted the Department of Justice before ordering an airstrike that killed Iran’s top military general earlier this month.
(CNN)Apologies from Iranian leaders over the downing of an airliner last week have done little to quell mass anti-government protests spreading across the country.Thousands of demonstrators hit the streets this weekend condemning Iranian authorities for shooting down a Ukrainian passenger plane and killing all 176 people on board.The airliner disaster came hours after Iran fired missiles at Iraqi military bases housing US troops. That was retaliation for a drone strike at Baghdad airport that killed Iranian commander Qasem Soleimani.Amid rising tensions in the region, eight Katyusha rockets hit Iraq’s Balad Air Base, north of Baghdad, on Sunday, wounding four Iraqi air force officers, the Iraqi military said in a statement. No American or coalition forces were at the base when the rockets struck, a US military official told CNN.In Iran, demonstrators are calling for Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to step down and for those responsible for downing the plane to be prosecuted.
President Trump’s allies are seeking to buy out the president’s new favorite cable-news channel, One America News Network, in a move that would shake up the conservative media landscape currently dominated by Fox News, The Wall Street Journal reports. Citing sources familiar with the matter, the Journal reports that investment firm Hicks Equity Partners, which is owned by the family of the co-chairman of the Republican National Committee, Thomas Hicks Jr., is trying to persuade Republican donors to pitch in on a $250 million bid for an OANN buyout. Hicks Jr., who is also a friend of Donald Trump Jr., is said not to be involved in efforts to buy the network and has resigned at Hicks Holdings to avoid any conflicts of interest, but he could still opt in to a buyout deal, according to the Journal.
“Over the last 25 years, we have been active media investors. Any interest in OANN is from a purely business standpoint,” Rick Newman, a partner at Hicks Equity Partners, told the Journal. The network comes nowhere close to drawing the same viewership as other big names in cable news, but Trump has repeatedly singled out OANN for praise in recent months while at the same time disparaging Fox News over perceived criticism.
JOHNSTOWN, Pa (WJAC) — Police in Cambria County continue to search for a man following an altercation with an officer earlier Friday.
The Ferndale police chief says an officer suffered minor injuries Friday afternoon after getting into a struggle with a man who said he had a weapon.
Chief John Blake says the officer responded to the 100 block of Quaker Avenue in Ferndale for a parking complaint and reports of a man, who Blake identified as John Hoffman of Middle Taylor Township, trying to unsuccessfully carjack a vehicle.
Blake says the officer noticed Hoffman was intoxicated; Hoffman told the officer he had a gun, and they began to struggle.
According to Blake, Hoffman ran away, and a chase ensued involving other officers.
The injured officer was treated and is okay.
Hoffman remains at large and the Ferndale Police Department is currently consulting with the Cambria County district attorney to press charges.
Small employers are the biggest segment lacking coverage, he says. That’s because many small businesses lack time and money to set such programs up, he says.
The new law, called the Secure Act, aims to help with that in part by allowing smaller employers to band together to share the administrative burden — making it cheaper and easier to offer retirement benefits. How many will do so and expand their retirement benefits is far from clear, because the program is optional.
And, Certner says, the law won’t apply to many other workers who aren’t classified as employees. That’s because they’re contractors or gig workers who aren’t eligible for those benefits.
Washington, DC (CNN)A voting rights group wants Georgia legislators to change the law that allows the state to remove voters it deems are “inactive.”Fair Fight Action, founded by former Georgia Democratic gubernatorial nominee Stacey Abrams, has called on the state’s Republican-led General Assembly to “fix” and “clarify” the state election law that determines the time frame in which voters have before being considered “inactive” and later removed from election rolls. The move, first reported by the Atlanta Constitution Journal, comes after a federal judged denied last month a motion from the group to restore 98,000 voters to the rolls after they were removed under the 2019 law.
Cosmic rays are tiny charged particles accelerated to nearly the speed of light through some of the most violent events in the universe. By themselves they’re not too awful, but in big enough numbers they can start to wreak havoc on entire galaxies.
A team of researchers recently released simulations of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) — a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way — and found that cosmic rays from a starburst event are starting to rip it apart. For now, thankfully, the LMC seems to be holding itself together.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivers remarks in a press conference, a day after the Pentagon said that a U.S. general’s letter informing Iraq’s Defense Ministry that U.S.-led coalition troops would leave Iraq “was a mistake,” and American Defense officials insisted that the troops would remain there. Last week on President Trump’s order, U.S. forces launched an airstrike that killed Iranian military commander Qasem Soleimani.
Westmoreland County commissioners Monday afternoon elected Republican Sean Kertes to serve as the new board chairman.
Kertes, 33, of Greensburg, and Commissioner Doug Chew formed a new Republican majority on the board, which for the previous four years had been controlled by Democrats.
The board’s lone returning member, Commissioner Gina Cerilli, a Democrat who had served as chairwoman since 2016, formally moved to have Kertes named as her replacement during a brief reorganization meeting. Chew was elected to serve as the board’s vice chairman, and Cerilli will be its secretary.
The Americans — a US service member and two civilian contractors working for the Defense Department — were killed in the attack carried out by Al-Shabaab, US Africa Command, which is responsible for military relations with nations on the continent, confirmed to CNN. Two DOD members wounded in the attack are now in stable condition and are being evacuated, Africa Command said.The attack occurred at a Kenya Defense Force in Manda Bay, Kenya. Sources have previously told CNN that the base was used by US Special Operations forces working with the Kenyans.Africa Command said the US uses the airfield for missions such as providing training to African allies, responding to crises and protecting US interests in the region.The names of those who were killed and wounded have not been released.
As CNN reported earlier Sunday US and Kenyan aircraft, both rotary and fixed-wing, were damaged in the attack, Africa Command now says six contractor-operated civilian aircraft were damaged to some degree.US authorities provided more details about the brazen attack which involved indirect and small arms fire.
They said forces from Kenya Defense forces as well as those from US Africa Command fought back the attack after an initial penetration of the perimeter of the facility.
The U.S. is sending thousands of additional troops to the Middle East after Iran vowed “harsh retaliation” for the death of a top Iranian general. Qassem Soleimani’s convoy was hit early Fridany morning in a drone strike ordered by President Trump. U.S. officials had been tracking Soleimani as he traveled in the region. CBS News’ national security correspondent David Martin reports from the Pentagon.
Police told Channel 2’s Michael Seiden right now they don’t suspect foul play, but they won’t know for sure until the medical examiner completes their investigation.Co-workers told Seiden that Leslie Kochensparger had only been on the job for two weeks at the store before she was found dead inside a locked bathroom.
Police say another employee made the disturbing discovery on Monday morning at the store location along Barrett Parkway.
“It gives me chills to think about it. Very sad,” one shopper said.
According to a police report, an employee tried to use the bathroom, but the door was locked.
When he returned, it was still locked so he knocked several times.
When he didn’t get an answer, investigators said he took matters into his own hands using his pocketknife to open the lock.
As soon as he walked in, he found his co-worker “slumped over the toilet,” the report said.
He immediately called 911 and then moved her to the floor.
On Tuesday night, a spokesperson for Whole Foods Market sent Seiden a statement saying, “We are grieving the loss of our fellow team member and our thoughts and prayers are with the family at this time.”
Mr Kim also said his country would soon introduce “a new strategic weapon”.
But he left a door open for dialogue, and said the scope of any testing would depend on the US’s “attitude”.
The momentum of the past few years has stalled, as Washington refuses to lift sanctions until Pyongyang fully abandons its nuclear programme.
The North conducted several smaller weapons tests late in 2019, in what was seen as an attempt to pressure the US into making concessions.
But the self-declared moratorium on nuclear tests and tests of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that could reach the US mainland had been one of the foundations of the negotiations with Washington.
Pyongyang has not carried out such tests since 2017.
Microsoft has been warning us that this day would come. And now, it’s almost here. Windows 7 end of life lands on January 14, 2020. After that deadline, Windows users running older versions of the desktop operating system will face a difficult choice – cough-up for a hefty bill to upgrade to Windows 10, or brace themselves for some dangerous risks on their home PC.
By ending support for the ageing Windows 7 operating system, which was first launched back in July 2009, Microsoft will stop rolling-out updates with new features, security updates or protections against malware. That means any issues with the software – or any new vulnerabilities discovered by cybercriminals – can be leveraged from indefinitely. Less serious, perhaps – but this also means any annoying bugs or glitches that crop-up will also be immortalised in the operating system.
If you’d like to benefit from the latest security protections and anti-virus solutions from Microsoft, you’ll have to update your machine to an operating system the Redmond-based company does support – namely, Windows 10. Although Microsoft has offered free upgrades to users running official versions of its operating systems in the past, that’s not possible at the moment.
CNN)Pope Francis was happily greeting children and pilgrims in St. Peter’s Square on Tuesday when he slapped a woman’s hand to free himself.The pope was making his way to the Nativity scene at the center of Vatican City.As he walked away from the crowd, a woman grabbed his hand and yanked him toward her, video shows.He became visibly upset and began slapping the woman’s hand in an attempt to free himself from her grip, and he briefly shouted at the woman.Prior to the incident, the woman had made a sign of the cross. She addressed the 83-year-old pope as he took his hand but it’s unclear what she was trying to tell him.
LOS ANGELES — With the ranks of homeless people growing faster than housing is being built, one of the most popular strategies for reducing homelessness has become to simply keep people in their homes.
In theory, a small infusion of cash, counseling or legal aid could be the difference that prevents someone from ending up on the street. But reality isn’t so simple.
Of the tens of thousands of people who are on the brink of losing their homes every year in California and across the country, only a tiny fraction do.
“Only 1 in 10 people who seem like they are going to become homeless — actually become homeless,” said Phil Ansell, director of Los Angeles County’s Homeless Initiative.
Months of campaigning and election-night nerves were a thing of past on Thursday as Westmoreland County’s new slate of government officials were sworn into office.
The former candidates and now newly elected officials, with family members and supporters by their sides, one-by-one came before the county’s Common Pleas Court judges to take their oaths of office.
The event, conducted in the county’s ceremonial courtroom at the courthouse in Greensburg, marked a turning of the page for county government with six new officials taking control of various offices. Their new terms officially begin on Jan. 6.
BERNIE AND AOC IN LA: We’re not just trying to win an election. We’re building a multiracial, intergenerational, working class movement that’s will transform the country. Join me, Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Young the Giant, Local Natives, Jesse & Joy and more live in L.A.!