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News Science Space

NASA’s closest Sun probe flyby gave scientists ‘mind-blowing’ results

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe has given us insight on how solar winds occur

Surprisingly, the results contradicted some expectations that scientists had regarding how solar winds behave. According to the results, there are flips in the Sun’s magnetic field direction called “switchbacks”, which can sometimes even point the winds back at the Sun. At the moment, the cause of these “switchbacks” is still unknown to scientists, but through the understanding of them, we could learn a deeper understanding of how stars are born. Scientists were again shocked at the discovery of solar winds traveling at speeds that are “nearly ten times larger than predicted by the standard models”, said Justin Kasper, principal investigator at the University of Michigan. Scientists also discovered that the Sun’s radiation vaporizes dust particles at about 3.5 million miles around itself. The Parker Probe is at the moment suffering in terribly hot conditions, but scientists say the information that it is providing them is revolutionary.

Read more: https://www.tweaktown.com/news/69104/nasas-closest-sun-probe-flyby-gave-scientists-mind-blowing-results/index.html

Source: NASA’s closest Sun probe flyby gave scientists ‘mind-blowing’ results

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Disasters News Opinion Space Technology

Watch: SpaceX’s new Starship just exploded during testing | SOFREP

SpaceX’s next generation rocket, known as the Starship, may one day ferry passengers and cargo to and from distant locations like the Moon and Mars.

Source: Watch: SpaceX’s new Starship just exploded during testing | SOFREP

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Disasters News Opinion Space

Asteroid danger: NASA reveals why it has no insight into 20,000 near-Earth asteroids | Science | News | Express.co.uk

NASA’S asteroid trackers keep a watchful eye on the skies above Earth but one scientist has warned the space agency has “no insight” into the behaviour of at least 20,000 asteroids.

Knowing how these so-called Near-Earth  (NEAs) behave could one day save our planet from a devastating impact. But a peculiar cosmic phenomenon known as the Yarkovsky effect renders some of ’s asteroid tracking efforts futile. Thanks to the Yarkovsky effect, NASA scientist Steve Chesley said there are thousands of asteroids that could potentially change their orbit.

Source: Asteroid danger: NASA reveals why it has no insight into 20,000 near-Earth asteroids | Science | News | Express.co.uk

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News Opinion Space

NASA Confirms Voyager 2 Has Left the Solar System – ExtremeTech

Humanity first left the solar system in 2012 when the Voyager 1 probe passed into interstellar space decades after leaving the planets behind. Now, there’s a second spacecraft beyond the limits of our solar system: Voyager 2. Luckily, Voyager 2’s instruments are in somewhat better shape than Voyager 1’s, so scientists were able to observe the transition from the heliosphere, which is dominated by the sun, to the interstellar medium (ISM).

Both Voyager probes launched in 1977, with Voyager 2 heading into space a few weeks before Voyager 1. The two probes are physically identical, but they took different paths through the solar system. They took advantage of the “Grand Tour,” an alignment of the planets that occurs only once every 175 years. Voyager 1 visited and got gravity assists from Jupiter and Saturn before heading off toward the edge of the solar system. Voyager 2 swung past Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Uranus. It made its last planetary observation of Uranus in 1989, almost a decade after Voyager 1 had started its long march toward the edge of the solar system.

When Voyager 1 reached the edge of our solar system, known as the heliopause, it no longer had a functional plasma spectrometer. As a result, there was some debate about when, exactly, the probe left our solar system. So, we missed the expected transition from warm solar plasma to the denser cold plasma of the ISM. Eventually, measurements of local electrons and magnetic field shifts confirmed it was in interstellar space.

The Voyager 2 mission has released its first scientific measurements of interstellar space, according to newly published research.

Source: NASA Confirms Voyager 2 Has Left the Solar System – ExtremeTech

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Space

NASA Is Getting Serious About an Interstellar Mission | WIRED

Only two spacecraft have ever escaped our solar system to dip into interstellar space. Now NASA wants to go back—and soon.

Interstellar space exploration has long been the stuff of science fiction, a technological challenge that many engineers believe humans just aren’t up to yet. But an ongoing study by a group of NASA-affiliated researchers is challenging this assumption. The researchers have a vision for a mission that could be built with existing technology. Indeed, the group says that if their mission is selected by NASA it could fly as soon as 2030.

“This is humanity’s first explicit step into interstellar space,” says Pontus Brandt, a physicist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory who is working on the interstellar probe study.

The lab kicked off its Interstellar Probe study last summer at the behest of NASA’s Heliophysics division. A year in, they are now hashing out the nitty-gritty engineering details of such a mission. At the end of 2021, Brandt and his colleagues will submit it for inclusion in the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Heliophysics decadal survey, which determines sun-related mission priorities for the next 10 years.

The basic idea for the interstellar mission is to launch a spacecraft weighing less than 1,700 pounds on NASA’s massive Space Launch System rocket, which is expected to be ready by 2021. That will get it traveling across our solar system like any other probe. To give it another boost, it will then use a gravity assist to sling the craft to speeds well over 100,000 miles per hour. The team at the Applied Physics Lab is currently considering two types of gravity assists—a “plain vanilla” assist that swings the probe around Jupiter and another that swings it around the sun.

Source: NASA Is Getting Serious About an Interstellar Mission | WIRED

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Opinion Space

October Full Moon 2019: Enormous, Orange Full Hunter’s Moon to Appear in Night Sky

The Full Hunter’s Moon may appear larger and more orange than a normal full moon due to the so-called moon illusion.

Full moons occur roughly every once a month when the Earth is positioned directly between the sun and the moon. In these instances, it is fully illuminated, appearing like a perfect circle.

The October full moon will reach its peak on Sunday, October 13, at 5:08 p.m. EDT, although it will appear full to the naked eye for about a day on either side of this date, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac.

The moon will only be really visible after sunset, however, and it will set close to sunrise the next day. (On that date, sunset in New York, for example, occurs at around 6:20 p.m.) In fact, the night of October 13 and 14 is the only one of the month in which the moon will remain in the sky from sunrise to sunset.

This Full Hunter’s Moon is particularly intriguing because it may appear larger and more orange than a normal full moon due to the fact that it rises around sunset.

Source: October Full Moon 2019: Enormous, Orange Full Hunter’s Moon to Appear in Night Sky

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History Opinion Space

October Full Moon 2019: When is the Hunter’s Moon and what is its meaning? | Science | News | Express.co.uk

OCTOBER’S Full Moon, the Hunter’s Moon, peaks this weekend – but when exactly is the Full Moon and what is the meaning behind its name.

The Old Farmer’s Almanac said: “Some folks believe that this Full Moon was called the Full Hunter’s Moon because it signalled the time to go hunting in preparation for winter.

“Since the harvesters had recently reaped the fields under the Harvest Moon, hunters could easily see the fattened deer and other animals that had come out to glean – and the foxes and wolves that had come out to prey on them.

Source: October Full Moon 2019: When is the Hunter’s Moon and what is its meaning? | Science | News | Express.co.uk

Categories
Space Technology US

Elon Musk reveals SpaceX’s stainless steel Starship rocket – TechSpot

What just happened? On Saturday at the Boca Chica Beach, Texas, Elon Musk showed off the first shiny steel prototype of SpaceX’s deep-space bound ‘Starship’ rocket, just a few moments after the company’s employees had finished assembling it. Musk gave a presentation on “the most powerful rocket in history” and discussed Starship’s stainless steel design as it stood next to the Falcon 1, the company’s first rocket that made it to orbit eleven years ago.

Earlier this month, SpaceX confirmed plans to begin testing its orbital-class ‘Starship’ rocket whose first prototype was completed over the weekend. A 200-ton, 165 ft-tall stainless steel rocket that will use three of SpaceX’s next-gen Raptor engines to test out its flight capabilities through a series of propulsive landing tests.

Source: Elon Musk reveals SpaceX’s stainless steel Starship rocket – TechSpot

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Opinion Space

Watch an Asteroid Fly by Earth Today in a Live Webcast from Slooh! | Space

This weekend you can see live telescope views of an asteroid hurtling past Earth, thanks to astronomy broadcaster Slooh.

You can start watching the asteroid online in the hour before it gets closest to Earth on Saturday at 7 p.m. EDT (2300 GMT)

An asteroid known as 2000 QW7 is expected to pass by Earth closely, but safely, at 3.3 million miles (5.3 million kilometers) from Earth, or about 14 times the average distance between Earth and the moon. (NASA sent out a statement reassuring people that this happens all the time, and there’s no need to panic.) The asteroid’s closest approach will be at 7:54 p.m. EDT (2354 GMT) on Saturday (Sept. 14).

Source: Watch an Asteroid Fly by Earth Today in a Live Webcast from Slooh! | Space

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India Space Technology

India’s Attempt To Land Rover At Moon’s South Pole Fails

The spacecraft’s descent was going as planned until it reached an altitude of 2.1 km over the surface. “Subsequently, communication from Lander to the ground stations was lost,” scientists explained.

Source: India’s Attempt To Land Rover At Moon’s South Pole Fails

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Military Space

U.S. Space Command: President Trump marks establishment of U.S. Space Command today – CBS News

The president’s “Space Force” must receive congressional approval


President Trump is holding a Rose Garden event to commemorate the establishment of the U.S. Space Command, as the president pushes for the creation of his sixth branch of the military, the Space Force.

Source: U.S. Space Command: Watch live stream as President Trump marks establishment of U.S. Space Command today – CBS News

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History Opinion Space

Ancient Mars was warm and rainy enough to support life, study says | Fox News

It’s long been established that Mars once had water on its surface. But a new study suggests that between 3 and 4 billion years ago, the Red Planet was warm and wet enough to have massive rainstorms and flowing water, an environment that may have supported life.

Source: Ancient Mars was warm and rainy enough to support life, study says | Fox News

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crime News Opinion Space

NASA astronaut accused of stealing identity, accessing bank account of estranged wife while in space: report | Fox News

NASA astronaut Anne McClain is accused of committing the first crime in outer space after her estranged wife alleged she stole her identity and accessed her bank accounts without permission during a six-month mission aboard the International Space station.

Source: NASA astronaut accused of stealing identity, accessing bank account of estranged wife while in space: report | Fox News

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Space Technology

Nuclear Propulsion Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ for Space Exploration, NASA Chief Says | Space

And the tech could power asteroid-deflecting lasers as well.

Spacecraft powered by such engines could conceivably reach Mars in just three to four months — about half the time of the fastest possible trip in a vehicle with traditional chemical propulsion, said Rex Geveden, the president and CEO of BWX Technologies Inc.

Source: Nuclear Propulsion Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ for Space Exploration, NASA Chief Says | Space

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Opinion Politics Space

Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security

The country that masters orbit between Earth and the moon will set the rules for future space commerce.

Source: Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security

Categories
Space World

An asteroid bigger than the Empire State Building is passing by Earth next week. Here’s why you shouldn’t be worried – CNN

(CNN)Yes, there’s an asteroid bigger than the Empire State building passing by Earth. No, it’s not anything to worry about — it’s actually pretty normal.

Asteroid 2006 QQ23 is scheduled to zoom by Earth on August 10 and, at an estimated diameter of up to 1,870 feet, it’s easy to see why people are worried.
But Lindley Johnson and Kelly Fast of NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Office say there’s nothing to fear. Both Johnson and Fast help track what they label as “near Earth objects,” such as asteroids and comets that orbit our sun along with the other planets.

Source: An asteroid bigger than the Empire State Building is passing by Earth next week. Here’s why you shouldn’t be worried – CNN

Categories
News Opinion Space Technology

Rocket Lab will reuse its rockets by catching them with a helicopter

SpaceX won’t be the only company reusing its rockets for payload deliveries. Rocket Lab has unveiled plans to recover the first stage of its Electron vehicle. The strategy’s first phase will have Rocket Lab recovering the stage from the ocean and refurbishing it for later. A second phase will be more… audacious. The company intends to have the stage “captured mid-air” by a helicopter, with the aircraft hooking on to the rocket’s parachute array during the descent. It won’t be as elegant as SpaceX’s rocket landings, but it will be efficient if it works as planned.

Source: Rocket Lab will reuse its rockets by catching them with a helicopter

 

Categories
Opinion Science Space Unexplained

Newly uncovered super-Earth may be habitable, and it’s only 31 light-years away

It’s our “first nearby super-Earth that could harbor life,” astronomer says.

Source: Newly uncovered super-Earth may be habitable, and it’s only 31 light-years away

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Space

Black Moon is coming tomorrow: What that means | Fox News

 July 31, will mark a rare occurrence for Earth’s natural satellite — a phenomenon known as a Black Moon. The rare celestial event will occur tomorrow in North America, marking the first occurrence since 2016. The rest of the planet will see the black Moon on August 30.

Although there is no one single definition of a black Moon, according to Time and Date, it is most commonly used to represent the second new Moon of a month. This rarely happens outside of leap years, as lunar cycles largely take 29 days to complete. But every 32 months or so, there are two full Moons in a month, with the first being known as a blue Moon.

Source: Black Moon is coming tomorrow: What that means | Fox News

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Arts and Entertainment Entertainment News Opinion Space Unexplained

UFO festival lands in Western PA this weekend

If Area 51 is too far of a trip for you, check out Kecksburg’s UFO Festival!

Kecksburg is celebrating 54 years of alien encounters with its UFO festival this weekend, July 26 through July 28.

On Dec. 9, 1965, Kecksburg residents reported a fireball streaked through the sky and then an object showed up in nearby woods.

This year will mark the 14th year of the UFO festival.

The family-friendly weekend will include a parade showcasing the town’s best UFO costumes and floats, a bed race and fireworks.

UFO, Bigfoot, & Paranormal Speakers:

  • UFO, Bigfoot, & Paranormal researchers and group displays all weekend.
  • UFO-Paranormal Conference on Sunday at 1:00 PM.
  • Kecksburg UFO Festival Conference Speaker List and presentations.
  • The event is free to the public. The Kecksburg V.F.D. appreciates a donation at the door.
  • Introduction by Ron Struble-Kecksburg V.F.D.
  • Stan Gordon-UFO-Bigfoot Researcher-Author.

For more information about the UFO festival, visit

https://kecksburgvfd.com/ufo-festival-events/

 

Source: UFO festival lands in Western PA this weekend

INFORMATION TO COME!

KECKSBURG VFD
BAR: (724) 423-9540
KITCHEN: (724) 423-7787
TRUCK SHED: (724) 423-2580
EMAIL: kecksburgvfd@wpa.net

ALL PROCEEDS BENEFIT KECKSBURG VOL. FIRE DEPT.

Categories
Space

Satellite images show items left behind at Apollo 11 moon landing site 50 years later | Daily Mail Online

The Apollo 11 crew left behind ample evidence of their expedition to the moon’s surface on July 20, 1969, most of which is still visible in satellite images taken nearly five decades later.

Source: Satellite images show items left behind at Apollo 11 moon landing site 50 years later | Daily Mail Online

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Europe News Opinion Space

France to create space command within air force: Macron – Reuters

PARIS (Reuters) – French President Emmanuel Macron said on Saturday he had approved the creation of a space command within the French air force to improve the country’s defense capabilities.

Addressing military personnel a day before the Bastille Day parade, Macron said the new military doctrine setting up a space command would strengthen protection of French satellites. He said the investment involved had yet to determined.

Source: France to create space command within air force: Macron – Reuters

Categories
Science Space

Solar eclipse 2019: How to watch the solar eclipse TODAY when the moon blocks out sun | Science | News | Express.co.uk

A TOTAL solar eclipse will occur today, as the Moon crosses in front of the Sun. Here’s how to watch the astronomical event.

How to watch the solar eclipse

The solar eclipse will be visible over a 125-mile (200km) wide path which spans from coast to coast across Chile and Argentina.

However, the maximum time of four minutes and 33 seconds may be visible only to observers on boats and aeroplanes, as it will be happening over the Pacific Ocean.

Countries nearby such as Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Ecuador will be able to witness a partial eclipse, as only part of the Sun will be blocked.

Totality will first make landfall over Oeno Island, a British territory in the South Pacific Ocean, at 10.24 am local time (7.24pm BST).

Source: Solar eclipse 2019: How to watch the solar eclipse TODAY when the moon blocks out sun | Science | News | Express.co.uk

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Disasters Space World

Four asteroids on COLLISION course with Earth — RT World News

It’s a scenario straight out of a Hollywood blockbuster, an asteroid is careening towards Earth and is set to wipe out human existence. To mark Asteroid Day, here are four space rocks on a collision course with our planet.

Source: Four asteroids on COLLISION course with Earth — RT World News

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Space

NASA headed towards giant golden asteroid that could make everyone on Earth a billionaire | Fox News

NASA is eyeing up a nearby asteroid that contains enough gold to make everyone on Earth a billionaire.

Psyche 16 is nestled between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter and is made of solid metal.

As well as gold, the mysterious object is loaded with heaps of platinum, iron and nickel.

CLICK ON THE SUN FOR MORE

In total, it’s estimated that Psyche’s various metals are worth a gargantuan $10,000 quadrillion.

Source: NASA headed towards giant golden asteroid that could make everyone on Earth a billionaire | Fox News

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Space

Watch SpaceX attempt a ‘most challenging’ Falcon Heavy launch at 2:30 AM ET

 

The launch window was scheduled to open at 11:30 PM ET, but NASA and SpaceX are now targeting takeoff for 2:30 AM ET. The launch window extends until 3:30 AM, and a backup window will open tomorrow night between 11:30 PM ET and 2:30 AM ET.

This flight is also important because of its payload, which includes things like NASA’s Deep Space Atomic Clock and the Green Propellant Infusion Mission. After launch, we’re in for another triple landing attempt, with the two side boosters coming down at Cape Canaveral and SpaceX attempting another sea landing for the center core and, hopefully, bring it all the way home this time.

Source: Watch SpaceX attempt a ‘most challenging’ Falcon Heavy launch at 2:30 AM ET

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History News Opinion Space

Astronomers Have Spotted a New Crater on Mars That’s Like Nothing They’ve Ever Seen

Each year Mars is bombarded by more than 200 asteroids and comets, and while some of theseleave similar dark smudges or other remarkable features, University of Arizona planetary scientist Veronica Bray told Space.com that this new crater is one of the most impressive she’s seen.

In the thirteen years that the MRO has been observing Mars, few events have compared. While the actual space rock fragment responsible looks to be about 1.5 metres wide (5 feet), the crater itself is much larger, roughly 15 to 16 metres wide (49 feet to 53 feet).

Absolutely mesmerising.

Source: Astronomers Have Spotted a New Crater on Mars That’s Like Nothing They’ve Ever Seen

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Space

Giant robotic arm catches SpaceX’s Dragon cargo spacecraft

The cargo delivered 5,500 pounds of research, crew supplies and hardware to the the orbiting laboratory.

Source: Giant robotic arm catches SpaceX’s Dragon cargo spacecraft

Categories
News Space Technology

SpaceX launches space station resupply mission, lands rocket on drone ship – Spaceflight Now

Less than nine minutes later, the rocket’s first stage booster fell from the sky and executed a pinpoint propulsive landing just offshore, setting the stage for another resupply mission for NASA using the same rocket this summer using the same vehicle.

The 213-foot-tall (65-meter) rocket lifted off with a flash from its nine Merlin 1D main engines at 2:48:58 a.m. EDT (0648:58 GMT), roughly the moment Cape Canaveral rotated under space station’s orbital plane.

The Falcon 9 tilted toward the northeast to align with the space station’s flight path, riding 1.7 million pounds of thrust as roared into a starry sky. Less than two-and-a-half minutes later, the rocket’s first stage booster shut down and separated to begin a descent back to Earth, targeting SpaceX’s drone ship “Of Course I Still Love You” parked around 14 miles (22 kilometers) east of Cape Canaveral in the Atlantic Ocean.

The first stage lit three of its engines to begin a boost-back burn to reverse course and head back toward Florida’s Space Coast, while the Falcon 9’s upper stage continued with the primary objective of Saturday’s mission — the delivery into orbit of a Dragon cargo craft packed with 5,472 pounds (2,482 kilograms) of supplies, provisions and experiments for the station and its six-person crew.

The interaction exhaust plumes from the Falcon 9’s first and second stage Merlin engines produced a spectacular lighting effect, giving the appearance of a cosmic nebula high above the Florida spaceport.

Source: SpaceX launches space station resupply mission, lands rocket on drone ship – Spaceflight Now

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News Opinion Space Unexplained

Expert reveals why the idea of alien life no longer seems like science fiction | Daily Mail Online

According to a researcher from the University of Melbourne, the idea of alien life is not as far-fetched as it used to seem, thanks to remarkable discoveries over the past two decades.

While life is a special kind of complex chemistry, the elements involved are nothing special: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and so on are among the most abundant elements in the universe. Complex organic chemistry is surprisingly common.

Amino acids, just like those that make up every protein in our bodies, have been found in the tails of comets. There are other organic compounds in Martian soil.

And 6,500 light years away a giant cloud of space alcohol floats among the stars.

Habitable planets seem to be common too. The first planet beyond our Solar System was discovered in 1995. Since then astronomers have catalogued thousands.

Based on this catalogue, astronomers from the University of California, Berkeley worked out there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized exoplanets in the so-called ‘habitable zone’ around their star, where temperatures are mild enough for liquid water to exist on the surface.

Source: Expert reveals why the idea of alien life no longer seems like science fiction | Daily Mail Online