Greenland is about three times the size of Texas with a population of just over 57,000. Most of Greenland sits above the Arctic Circle. It is the world’s largest island — Australia and Antarctica are larger and also surrounded by water, but are considered continents. Greenland has its own parliament, premier and Cabinet, though Denmark controls foreign policy, security and financial policy in consultation with Greenland’s government.
Inuit from North America are believed to have first arrived in Greenland about 4,500 years ago. In the 10th century, it was settled by the Viking explorer Erik the Red. In the 13thcentury, it became part of Norway and, a century later, part of Denmark.