When you think of teleportation, you might think of “Star Trek’s” Beam me up, Scotty, or maybe even “The Fly,” but this is different.
Scientists have transferred quantum information carried in light particles — that is, photons — 60 miles along spooled optical fiber.
The technique won’t transport you and an errant insect from one location to another, but it could advanced quantum computing, unhackable encryption of computer data and even one day lead to a quantum Internet.
The quantum information we’re talking about is the information contained in one photon — its specific time slot in a sequence. It’s called a quantum state and like other aspects of quantum science, the explanation goes beyond the normal, everyday experience.
Essentially, Hiroki Takesue, a NIST guest researcher from NTT in Japan, and his team were able to transfer the quantum state from one photon to another over that 60-mile distance. This infographic from NIST explains the leap.
Although other scientists have tired this before, teleporting the quantum state of a photon down an optical fiber has not been easy. Frequently, much of the quantum data became lost in the fiber and transmission rates over distances were very low.
“Only about 1 percent of photons make it all the way through 100 km of fiber,” Marty Stevens, a NIST researcher, said in a press release.
But Takesue and his team used a new type of single-photon detector developed at NIST.
Although the distance set a record, the researchers have a way to go before we see an unhackable, unbreakable quantum Internet and ever farther before we can teleport to the office to avoid rush hour.
Takesue reported the results in the journal “Optica.”
The federally-funded early childhood education program has existed for 50 years.
WASHINGTON — The Republican Party’s nominee for lieutenant governor in Kentucky,Jenean Hampton, suggested on Tuesday that the federal Head Start program for children from low-income families is a means of indoctrination “used to get the kids at an even earlier age.”
Hampton is running alongside businessman Matt Bevin in the Kentucky gubernatorial race set for Nov. 3. She made her comments about the 50-year-old early childhood education program, which serves 3- and 4-year-olds, at a meet-and-greet on Tuesday.
“See I remember when Head Start began and it was just for low income, very low income kids because they were not getting at home the training they should have gotten,” she said, in a video that was posted online by the Kentucky Democratic Party. “That’s what that was for. But I suspect, I truly suspect, that now it’s just being used to get the kids at an even earlier age and just start the indoctrination sooner. That’s my feelings.”
Bevin’s campaign did not immediately respond to a request for comment as to what purpose Hampton believes the suggested “indoctrination” serves.
The gubernatorial candidate has also cast doubt on Head Start, saying that it hasn’t proven its effectiveness and that the federal government should rethink the funds it has dedicated to the program.
ELKO, Nev. (AP) — A California man died of a heart attack while hiking in northeastern Nevada.
The Elko Daily Free Press reports (http://bit.ly/1Cuy6mc) 75-year-old Larry Butte of Auburn, California was on vacation with a friend when he had a heart attack in an area of Lamoille Canyon that’s about a two-mile hike from the end of the nearest road.
Undersheriff Clair Morris said wind and rain made it too risky for a helicopter to fly in Wednesday night. Emergency responders hiked in, but the man was dead by the time they got there.
Morris said the high altitude may have been a factor.
Information from: Elko Daily Free Press, http://www.elkodaily.com
Source: Altitude may have contributed to hiker’s death – KRXI – Reno NV Noon News on Fox 11 – News, Sports, Weather
DENVER — Three’s a trend. The Pirates rocked the Colorado Rockies, 13-7, Wednesday night at Coors Field to clinch a postseason berth on Sept. 23 for the third year in a row. And they did in style.
Neil Walker was 4 for 5 with a home run and a career-high six RBIs, and pinch-hitter Sean Rodriguez drove in three insurance runs in a six-run ninth to secure the Pirates at least a spot in the National League wild-card game.
With their fifth win in a row, the Pirates (92-60) climbed to 32 games over .500 for the first time since 1992. They are one of three teams to reach the playoffs each of the past three seasons, and they now have reached the postseason in three consecutive seasons three times in franchise history — 1970-72, 1990-92 and 2013-15.
For the Pirates, there still is work to be done, but precious little time in which to do it. The St. Louis Cardinals won again to remain four games ahead of the Pirates and reduce their magic number for a third consecutive division crown to seven. The Pirates lead the Chicago Cubs by three games for the top wild-card spot and home-field advantage in the NL wild-card game.
Those are worries for another day.After right-hander Charlie Morton gave up 10 hits and six runs in 4⅓ innings, Joe Blanton, Joakim Soria, Tony Watson combined for 3⅔ perfect innings. Arquimedes Caminero carried the torch to the finish and allowed a run in the ninth.
Starling Marte, Josh Harrison and Jordy Mercer had three hits apiece, while Francisco Cervelli and Gregory Polanco each added two.After the game, the Pirates met in the visitors clubhouse for a brief, closed-door celebration. Unlike the previous two years, when clinching was feted with a champagne-drenched jamboree broadcast live on TV, players decided before the game they would recognize the playoff berth in private.
“There are a number of men here who have never experienced a [clinching] celebration,” Pirates manager Clint Hurdle said Wednesday before the game. “I would never be one to take away from what we’ve accomplished. At the end of the day, anybody else’s thoughts on it really don’t appeal to me.
“We know how hard we work. We know what we’ve poured into this. We know what’ve committed to this. There’s a time for appropriate celebration, then we’ll move on, because we’ve all got bigger things in mind.”
The Pirates pulverized Rockies right-hander Christian Bergman, who gave up 10 hits and seven runs over just 3⅔ innings. They jumped to an early 5-0 lead thanks to Walker. He hit a two-out, two-run single in the first, then smoked a three-run, third-inning homer.
Marte handed Morton a seven-run cushion by dumping a two-out double into the left-field corner in the fourth. The Pirates have scored 11 runs with two outs in their past two games.
Two years ago, Morton threw seven innings of three-hit baseball against the Cubs to help clinch the Pirates’ first postseason trip in two decades. Satisfied and soaked, Morton stood in the cramped clubhouse at Wrigley Field and remarked, “It’s a great night.”
Morton was shakier Wednesday. Perhaps one could have forecasted his trouble. In three previous starts at Coors Field, Morton had a 5.51 ERA and allowed 27 baserunners in 16⅓ innings.
After setting down the first six hitters in order, Morton gave up two infield singles and Corey Dickerson’s RBI single in the third. In the fourth, he loaded the bases with no outs and walked in a run before pitching out of further trouble.
Dickerson led off the fifth with a solo shot into the Pirates bullpen beyond the right-center field fence, and with one out Tom Murphy skied a three-run blast to left, trimming the Pirates lead to 7-6. It was Murphy’s third homer this season, his second this series.
Rockies right-hander John Axford, a one-time Pirates reliever, entered in the ninth and set off the powder-keg Pirates offense. They sent 12 batters to the plate in the inning and scored six runs on seven hits and two walks, effectively ending any magic-number math.
Stephen J. Nesbitt: email@example.com and on Twitter @stephenjnesbitt.
At least 310 people taking part in the Hajj pilgrimage have been killed in a stampede near the Islamic holy city of Mecca, officials in Saudi Arabia say.
Another 450 people were injured in the incident at Mina, which occurred as two million pilgrims were taking part in the Hajj’s last major rite.
They converge on Mina to throw stones at pillars representing the devil.
Preparations for the Hajj were marred when a crane collapsed at Mecca’s Grand Mosque this month, killing 109 people.
The Saudi civil defence directorate said on Twitter that 4,000 personnel had been sent to the scene of Thursday’s stampede, along with more than 220 emergency and rescue units. The injured are being taken to four hospitals in the area.
Photos published by the directorate showed rescue workers treating the injured on stretchers and loading them on to ambulances.
MINA – At least 453 people were killed and hundreds more injured in a stampede Thursday on the outskirts of Mecca, the deadliest tragedy to strike the annual hajj pilgrimage in more than two decades.
It was the second major disaster during this year’s hajj season, raising questions about the adequacy of measures put in place by Saudi authorities to ensure the safety of the roughly 2 million Muslims taking part. A crane collapse in Mecca nearly two weeks earlier left more than 100 people dead.
Thursday’s crush happened in Mina, a large valley about five kilometers (three miles) from the holy city of Mecca that has been the site of hajj stampedes in years past.
Mina is where pilgrims carry out a symbolic stoning of the devil by throwing pebbles against three stone columns. It also houses more than 160,000 tents where pilgrims spend the night during the pilgrimage.
The stampede occurred in a morning surge of pilgrims at the intersection of streets 204 and 223 as the faithful were making their way toward a large structure overlooking the columns, according to the Saudi civil defense directorate.
The multi-story structure, known as Jamarat Bridge, is designed to ease the pressure of the crowds and prevent pilgrims from being trampled.
The civil defense directorate, which provided the death toll, said at least 719 other pilgrims were injured in the stampede.
Hajj: Deadly incidents
2015: 310 pilgrims killed in a stampede in Mina
2006: 364 pilgrims die in a crush during the stone-throwing ritual
1997: 343 pilgrims killed and 1,500 injured in fire
1994: 270 killed in stampede
1990: 1,426 pilgrims killed in stampede inside tunnel leading to holy sites
1987: 400 people die as Saudi authorities confront pro-Iranian demonstration
Ambulance sirens blared as rescue crews rushed the injured to nearby hospitals.
More than 220 rescue vehicles and some 4,000 members of the emergency services were deployed soon after the stampede to try to ease the congestion and provide alternative exit routes, according to the directorate.
Amateur video shared on social media showed a horrific scene, with scores of bodies — the men dressed in the simple terry cloth garments worn during hajj — lying amid crushed wheelchairs and water bottles along a sunbaked street.
Survivors assessed the scene from the top of roadside stalls near white tents as rescue workers in orange and yellow vests combed the area.
Photos released by the directorate on its official Twitter account showed rescue workers helping the wounded onto stretchers and loading them onto ambulances near some of the tents.
Some 2 million people are taking part in this year’s hajj pilgrimage, which is an obligation of every able-bodied Muslim. The pilgrimage began in earnest Tuesday.
Saudi authorities take extensive precautions to ensure the security of the hajj and the safety of pilgrims.
There are about 100,000 security forces deployed this year to oversee crowd management and ensure pilgrims’ safety during the five-day pilgrimage.
At Mina specifically, authorities have put measures in place over the years to try to alleviate the pressure posed by masses of pilgrims converging on the site of the stoning ritual.
Officials use surveillance cameras and other equipment to limit the number of people converging on the site, and the Jamarat Bridge has multiple exits to facilitate the flow of people.
But tragedies are not uncommon.
The death toll from Thursday’s stampede far exceeded that of a similar incident in 2006, near the site of the latest incident, when more than 360 pilgrims were killed in a stampede. Another stampede at Mina in 2004 left 244 pilgrims dead and hundreds injured.
The deadliest hajj-related tragedy happened in 1990, when at least 1,426 pilgrims perished in a stampede in an overcrowded pedestrian tunnel leading to holy sites in Mecca.
Thursday’s stampede happened less than two weeks after a giant construction crane came crashing down on the Grand Mosque in Mecca, the focal point of the hajj.
That accident, on Sept. 11, killed at least 111 people and injured more than 390.
Authorities blamed the crane collapse on high winds during an unusually powerful storm, and faulted the construction giant Saudi Binladin Group, which oversees construction at the mosque, for not following operating procedures.
By Philip Pullella and Scott Malone
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Pope Francis told Congress on Thursday that the United States should reject hostility to immigrants and treat them humanely, directly addressing a thorny subject that is dividing the country and stirring debate in the 2016 presidential campaign.
In the first speech by a pope to a U.S. Congress, the Argentine pontiff said the United States “must not repeat the sins and the errors of the past,” when dealing with immigrants.
“Building a nation calls us to recognize that we must constantly relate to others, rejecting a mindset of hostility,” the 78-year-old Francis told the Republican-dominated legislature.
Aversion to illegal immigrants has featured heavily in the race for the Republican presidential nomination. Front-runner Donald Trump says he would deport the 11 million undocumented immigrants if he were elected to the White House and has accused Mexico of sending rapists and other criminals across the border.
Speaking in English to lawmakers and other dignitaries packed into the House of Representatives, Francis said America should not be put off by the number of immigrants who are trying to make it their home.
“We must not be taken aback by their numbers, but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listening to their stories, trying to respond as best we can to their situation. To respond in a way which is always humane, just and fraternal,” he said.
The pope described himself the “the son of immigrants” from Italy who settled in Argentina last century.
Several Republican presidential candidates were in the audience, including Ben Carson who caused controversy this week by saying a Muslim should not be U.S. president.
Francis addressed Congress the day after he raised other political issues such as climate change and inequality in a speech at the White House on Wednesday, the first full day of his six-day trip to the United States.
(Additional reporting by David Lawder, Patricia Zengerle and Susan Heavey; Writing by Alistair Bell; Editing by Grant McCool)
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Charlie Rose recently sat down for a one-on-one interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin to discuss what the Russian leader thinks of America and how the world views him.
Here’s a preview of this Sunday’s “60 Minutes” report:
Charlie Rose: You’re much talked about in America. There’s much conversation, more so than any.
Vladimir Putin: Maybe they have nothing else to do in America but talk about me. [laughs]
Rose: No, no, no, or maybe they’re curious people? [laughs] Or maybe you’re an interesting character? Maybe that’s what it is. As you know, some have called you a czar.
Putin: So what? You know people call me different names.
Rose: But does the name fit?
Putin: No, it does not fit me. It’s not important how I’m called, whether these are well-wishers, friends or political opponents. It’s important what you think about you, what you must do for the interest of the country which has entrusted you with the position as the head of the Russian state.
Rose: Are you curious about America? More than simply another nation that you have to deal with?
Putin: Of course we’re curious about what’s going on. America exerts enormous influence on the situation in the world as a whole.
Rose: What do you admire most about America?
Putin: I like the creativity.
Putin: Creativity when it comes to your tackling problems. Their openness — openness and open-mindedness — because it allows them to unleash the inner potential of their people. And thanks to that, America has attained such amazing results in developing their country.
Watch the full “60 Minutes” interview this Sunday, Sept. 27 at7:30 p.m. ET/PT.
Angela Couloumbis, Inquirer Harrisburg Bureau
HARRISBURG – There will be more porn – and lots of it.
As beleaguered Pennsylvania Attorney General Kathleen G. Kane waits for her law license suspension to take effect, her spokesman said Tuesday the office was preparing to release hundreds of sexually explicit emails shared by state officials and employees on government time and computers.
Kane first signaled her intention to do so Monday, hours after the state Supreme Court voted to suspend her license while she faces criminal charges. On Tuesday, her spokesman, Chuck Ardo, offered details of the plan, including that she intends to make the emails public with the names of all senders and recipients unredacted, a departure from how she handled the release of a smaller sample of the X-rated material last year. Ardo also said recipients include members of the State Police as well as government officials from Philadelphia and Montgomery County.
He did not say when the release would occur. Asked to explain Kane’s shift, Ardo said it was the volume of requests Kane had received from reporters and others for the information under the state’s Right-to-Know law.
“I think she has decided that the volume of requests has gotten to the point that the office needs to move on from this issue – and has decided that the best way to move forward is to release all the emails,” he said.
Kane’s decision on the emails came after the high court’s suspension effectively stripped her of the ability to make legal decisions as the state’s top law enforcement officer, a sanction that could bolster efforts by the Republican-led legislature to remove her. Under court rules, the suspension does not take effect for 30 days, or until Oct. 21.
In statements Monday, Kane cited with pride her attempts to “root out the culture of misogyny and racially/religiously offensive behavior that has permeated law enforcement and members of the judiciary in this commonwealth for years.” She also said for the first time that she had discovered more people involved in the state employee pornographic email chains, including judges and law enforcement officials. She did not elaborate.
Jim Koval, a spokesman for the Supreme Court, said Tuesday that if Kane has pornographic messages sent or received by judges, “her proper course of action would be to refer them to the Judicial Conduct Board,” which oversees judges.
The Democratic attorney general found the emails during a review of how her Republican predecessors had handled the investigation into Jerry Sandusky, the former Pennsylvania State University assistant football coach convicted on child sex abuse charges.
Late last year, she publicly named eight men who participated in the exchanges. All had ties to Frank Fina, a former state prosecutor with whom she is feuding. She later said she disciplined 61 employees in her office, but identified only four.
She has said at varying times this year that she wanted to release all the messages, but claimed she had been legally barred from doing so by a protective order in the criminal case in Montgomery County, where Kane faces perjury, obstruction, and other charges related to the leak of confidential material. The order blocks her from intimidating or harassing potential witnesses.
The courts have told Kane on numerous occasions that she is free to release the messages, but urged her to unveil all of them rather than choose which ones to make public.
Despite her new stance, Kane also had gone to court to block the emails’ release as requested by The Inquirer and others. In doing so, Kane contended that the messages are not public records because they do not involve official business of the Attorney General’s Office.
Read more at
The CEO of a company which grossly raised the price of a life-saving drug used by AIDs and cancer patients is under scrutiny for reportedly inflating the cost of a medicine for a rare kidney disease at a previous firm.
Turing Pharmaceuticals CEO Martin Shkreli sparked an angry backlash this week when it emerged the price of Daraprim – a drug used to treat a deadly parasitic infection – had been raised by 5,500%.
This increased the price of each pill from $13.50 to $750.
Now it has emerged that during Shkreli’s term as CEO and founder of pharmaceutical company Retrophin, it acquired the rights to sell Thiola, used to treat cystinuria, a rare, incurable condition which causes persistent and painful kidney stones.
Sufferers can require between five and ten of the tablets a day, the Independent reports.
In a report from September last year, Reuters writes: “Shkreli said on a conference call after the deal that the drug, Thiola, then sold for $4,000 a year per patient, would be priced closer to rival drug penicillamine, which costs $80,000 to $140,000.”
Writing for Forbes, Steve Brozak claimed Retrophin had bloated the price of a $1.50 tablet to $30 a tablet, representing a nearly 2,000% increase.
He added: “Keep in mind that Retrophin hasn’t hasn’t conducted any new trials, made any new claims about the drug, changed its formulation or delivery mechanism. As the only supplier of the drug to the U.S., Retrophin has increased the price for the drug just because it can.”
Light reflects off the cloak (red arrows) as if it were reflecting off a flat mirror in this 3D illustration
By Will Dunham
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – A cloak of invisibility may be common in science fiction but it is not so easy in the real world. New research suggests such a device may be moving closer to reality.
Scientists said on Thursday they have successfully tested an ultra-thin invisibility cloak made of microscopic rectangular gold blocks that, like skin, conform to the shape of an object and can render it undetectable with visible light.
The researchers said while their experiments involved cloaking a miniscule object they believe the technology could be made to conceal larger objects, with military and other possible applications.
The cloak, 80 nanometers in thickness, was wrapped around a three-dimensional object shaped with bumps and dents. The cloak’s surface rerouted light waves scattered from the object to make it invisible to optical detection.
It may take five to 10 years to make the technology practical to use, according to Xiang Zhang, director of the Materials Sciences Division of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
“We do not see fundamental roadblocks. But much more work needs to be done,” said Zhang, whose research was published in the journal Science.
The technology involves so-called metamaterials, which possess properties not present in nature. Their surfaces bear features much smaller than the size of a wavelength of light. They redirect incoming light waves, shifting them away from the object being cloaked.
The cloaking “skin” boasts microscopic light-scattering antennae that make light bouncing off an object look as if it were reflected by a flat mirror, rendering the object invisible.
“The fact that we can make a curved surface appear flat also means that we can make it look like anything else. We also can make a flat surface appear curved,” said Penn State University electrical engineering professor Xingjie Ni, the study’s lead author.
The researchers said they overcame two drawbacks of previous experimental microscopic cloaks that were bulkier and harder to “scale up,” or become usable for larger objects.
Ni said the technology eventually could be used for military applications like making large objects like vehicles or aircraft or even individual soldiers “invisible.”
Ni also mentioned some unconventional applications.
How about a cloaking mask for the face? “All the pimples and wrinkles will no longer be visible,” Ni said. How about fashion design? Ni suggested a cloak that “can be made to hide one’s belly.”
(Reporting by Will Dunham; Editing by Eric Beech)
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