Transparent Solar Cells Make Any Window Generate Energy

Michigan State University believes transparent solar could harvest as much energy as rooftop solar, but without the bulk.

How can you add solar power generation to a building without it being visible? You use transparent panels of solar cells positioned over each window. According to Richard Lunt, the Johansen Crosby Endowed Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at MSU, it could replace rooftop solar.

Source: Transparent Solar Cells Make Any Window Generate Energy

Europe’s First Underwater Restaurant Will Open in Norway

The exterior will be covered by an artificial mussel reef.

Oslo- and New York-based architecture firm Snøhetta is giving us another reason to book a trip to Scandinavia: an underwater restaurant on Norway’s southern coast, about five hours southwest of Oslo. Dubbed “Europe’s very first underwater restaurant” by the firm, the appropriately-named Under will be half-sunken some 16 feet into the sea.

While the building’s primary purpose is as a 80- to 100-person restaurant, Under will also serve as a marine research center.

Source: Europe’s First Underwater Restaurant Will Open in Norway

DNA study provides insight into how to live longer – BBC News

The research team also found specific mutations in human DNA that alter lifespan, reported in the journal Nature Communications.

  • Mutations in a gene (a set of instructions in DNA) that is involved in running the immune system could add seven months of life on average
  • People with a mutation that increased levels of bad cholesterol knocked eight months off life expectancy
  • A rare mutation in a gene – APOE – linked to dementia reduced lifespans by 11 months
  • And one that made smoking more appealing cut lives by five months

Source: DNA study provides insight into how to live longer – BBC News

3 share Nobel physics prize for discovery in gravitational waves | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Rainer Weiss, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Kip Thorne and Barry Barish, both of the California Institute of Technology, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday for the discovery of ripples in space-time known as gravitational waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein a century ago but had never been directly seen.Source: 3 share Nobel physics prize for discovery in gravitational waves | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

New Research Takes Us Another Step Closer to a Hydrogen-Fuelled Future

Hydrogen has huge potential as a clean energy source, but so far we haven’t been able to make fuel cells cheaply or efficiently enough. Now scientists are using quantum technology to explore how solar power could unlock all that potential.

The key is in using nanoparticles to boost the efficiency of photoelectrochemical cells, or PECs – the panels that handle the job of converting water to hydrogen and oxygen through the process of electrolysis.

Source: New Research Takes Us Another Step Closer to a Hydrogen-Fuelled Future

Warm Antarctica Caves Show Signs of New Species, Study Says – The Daily Beast

Warm caves under Antarctica’s glaciers may be hiding previously undiscovered plant and animal species, scientists say. A new study led by Australian National University revealed an extensive network of warm caves around Mount Erebus, an active volcano in Antarctica. Soil samples taken from the caves turned up traces of DNA that could not be identified, lead researcher Ceridwen Fraser said early Friday. “The results from this study give us a tantalizing glimpse of what might live beneath the ice in Antarctica—there might even be new species of animals and plants,” Fraser said, according to Agence France-Presse.

Soil samples taken from caves around Mount Erebus revealed unrecognizable DNA.

Source: Warm Antarctica Caves Show Signs of New Species, Study Says – The Daily Beast

Lack of REM sleep linked to higher dementia risk – Futurity

People who get less REM sleep, or take a long time to reach REM sleep, may have a higher risk of developing dementia.

After adjusting for age and sex, researchers found that for every percent that REM sleep was reduced, there was a nine percent increase in the risk for all forms of dementia and an eight percent increase in the risk of dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease.

Source: Lack of REM sleep linked to higher dementia risk – Futurity

Strong Friendships In Adolescence Pay Dividends In Adulthood : Shots – Health News : NPR

Researchers have found that people with deep friendships in adolescence had less anxiety and a greater sense of self-worth in early adulthood. Close friends matter, their study found.

“The findings are giving us some good evidence for the importance of adolescent friendships, not just short-term but into adulthood,” says Catherine Bagwell, a psychologist at Emory University’s Oxford College, who was not involved with the study. “We haven’t had too many robust, rigorous findings like this.”

Source: Strong Friendships In Adolescence Pay Dividends In Adulthood : Shots – Health News : NPR

Ancient Science: Mysterious Babylonian Tablet Could Hold Mathematical Secrets For Today’s Researchers

The tablet was discovered in the early 1900s but researchers have since puzzled over its function.The calculations may have been used for architectural calculations when building pyramids or other structures.

“The tablet not only contains the world’s oldest trigonometric table; it is also the only completely accurate trigonometric table, because of the very different Babylonian approach to arithmetic and geometry.”

Source: Ancient Science: Mysterious Babylonian Tablet Could Hold Mathematical Secrets For Today’s Researchers

Great American Eclipse: What to expect in western Pennsylvania | The Great American Eclipse | timesonline.com

The partial eclipse starts here in the Pittsburgh area at 1:10 p.m., when the sun is almost directly overhead. The maximum eclipse occurs 85 minutes later at 2:35 p.m., and will be visible for a little more than two minutes. The partial eclipse ends at 3:55 p.m.

Source: Great American Eclipse: What to expect in western Pennsylvania | The Great American Eclipse | timesonline.com

‘Frankenstein dinosaur’ mystery solved – BBC News

A dinosaur that seemed to be an evolutionary mishmash turns out to have a key place in history.

The Frankenstein dinosaur, more properly called Chilesaurus, puzzled experts when it was first discovered two years ago.

It had the legs of an animal like a Brontosaurus, the hips of a Stegosaurus, and the arms and body of an animal like Tyrannosaurus rex. Scientists simply did not know where it fitted in the dino family tree.

Source: ‘Frankenstein dinosaur’ mystery solved – BBC News

Iceberg the Size of Delaware Will Break Off Antarctic Ice Shelf Any Day Now, Scientists Say

The soon-to-be iceberg is moving faster than ever. It’s a matter of “hours, days or weeks.”

The “calving” event, as scientists call the break, will take place within “days, hours or weeks,” the MIDAS Project predicted on Wednesday. A U.K.-based Antarctic research project, MIDAS investigates the effects of a warming climate on Larsen C and has been monitoring the growth of this major rift in the shelf.

Source: Iceberg the Size of Delaware Will Break Off Antarctic Ice Shelf Any Day Now, Scientists Say

Leonardo Da Vinci’s 500-year-old human flying machine design brought to life in new exhibition – Mirror Online

For the first time, 100 machines invented by the acclaimed Italian Renaissance-era mastermind have been brought to life using plans he drew himself.

A few of the 500-year-old designs, such as the bird-like human aeroplane, were created at life-size scale.

Source: Leonardo Da Vinci’s 500-year-old human flying machine design brought to life in new exhibition – Mirror Online

Got Insomnia? Here’s A Safe Way To Get Sleep Without Taking Sleeping Pills

Insufficient sleep has been linked to a number of chronic diseases and conditions. A new study revealed that sleep deprivation may cause the brain to cannibalize itself. Researchers likewise found that lack of sleep may raise the risk for premature death due to cardiovascular diseases. – See more at: http://www.techtimes.com/articles/208567/20170529/got-insomnia-heres-a-safe-way-to-get-sleep-without-taking-sleeping-pills.htm#sthash.kdeSucF8.dpuf

Source: Got Insomnia? Here’s A Safe Way To Get Sleep Without Taking Sleeping Pills

Dozens of cities worldwide join March Against Monsanto (PHOTOS, VIDEOS) — RT News

Hundreds of activists around the globe joined an international march against the multinational biotech and agribusiness corporation Monsanto. The demonstrations were held under the slogan, “Keep GMOs out of your genes.”

We will not stand for cronyism. We will not stand for poison. That’s why we March Against Monsanto,” the organizers of the 6th annual march said in a statement. http://www.march-against-monsanto.com/home/

Source: Dozens of cities worldwide join March Against Monsanto (PHOTOS, VIDEOS) — RT News

Antarctica’s land height explains the continent’s slower rate of warming – UPI.com

A new study suggests the Antarctica’s high elevations explain its slower rate of warming.

“On average, warming for the entire Antarctic continent has been much slower than Arctic warming so far,” Marc Salzmann, a researcher at the University of Leipzig’s Institute for Meteorology in Germany, said in a news release. “Moreover, climate models suggest that, by the end of this century, Antarctica will have warmed less compared to the Arctic.”

Source: Antarctica’s land height explains the continent’s slower rate of warming – UPI.com

Strange rock recovered from infamous Roswell crash site!

Alien artifact found by Robert Ridge, 40, near the area where the infamous Roswell crash had taken place.YouTube screenshot / secureteam10

UFOlogist busts infamous Roswell UFO crash cover up and reveals a mysterious alien artefact, allegedly recovered from the crash site.

In 2004, a man named Robert Ridge, 56, was in the desert around Roswell. He found a strange smooth stone that had some well-crafted, though unidentifiable, symbols carved on it.

Source: Strange rock recovered from infamous Roswell crash site!

Rat lungworm disease: 9 cases confirmed in Hawaii – CNN.com

The Hawaii State Department of Health has confirmed six cases of rat lungworm disease on the island of Maui and three on the Big Island over the past three months.

Story highlights

  • 6 people on Maui and 3 on Hawaii have confirmed cases of rat lungworm disease
  • The parasite is often spread through consuming raw snails or slugs
  • It can cause a form of meningitis; no deaths have been reported among the latest cases

Source: Rat lungworm disease: 9 cases confirmed in Hawaii – CNN.com

New neuron reprogramming technique could hold key to curing Parkinson’s disease, reveal scientists | The Independent

A “hugely promising” new technique in which brain cells are reprogrammed could one day provide a cure for Parkinson’s disease, experts have said. Scientists at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden have discovered a way to modify neurons in the brains of people with Parkinson’s, a progressively worsening disorder of the nervous system that affects one in 500 people in the UK.

Source: New neuron reprogramming technique could hold key to curing Parkinson’s disease, reveal scientists | The Independent

How to watch the upcoming total solar eclipse across the Pacific

On March 8 and 9, a total solar eclipse will darken the sky over the Pacific Ocean, but unfortunately, not too many people are well placed to see it.

Watch it online

Given few people will be able to see the totality of the eclipse, there are a number of online resources available. Telescope service Slooh will be live streaming the eclipse from an undisclosed location in Indonesia, hosted by astronomer Paul Cox, from March 8, 11 p.m. Universal Time. Panasonic will also live broadcast the event from Ternate Island, Indonesia from Tuesday, March 8, 8 p.m. Universal Time.

Source: How to watch the upcoming total solar eclipse across the Pacific

 

SEE ALSO: The flights where passengers will be able to see the total solar eclipse

Meteor Suspected as Mystery Flash Lights up Scottish Sky – ABC News

Scientists say a meteor was the cause of a bright flash of light reported by people across Scotland and northern England.

Police Scotland said the force began receiving calls about 6:55 p.m. Monday, with people reporting a loud bang, a sudden blue, green or white light or a fireball in the sky.

Several drivers caught the sudden flash and streak of light on their dashboard cameras. Driving instructor Bill Addison said it looked like “a bright, electric blue spark.”

“I thought it was a plane coming down at first, but it was moving too fast,” he said.

The U.K. weather forecasting service the Met Office said Tuesday the incident wasn’t weather-related and the U.K. defense ministry wouldn’t comment on whether the flash was linked to military activity in the area.

Steve Owens, manager of the Glasgow Science Centre planetarium, said the likely culprit was a chunk of space rock — “about the size of a tennis ball or maybe even a watermelon” — that was burning up in the atmosphere.

Source: Meteor Suspected as Mystery Flash Lights up Scottish Sky – ABC News

 

 

(morning ticker) – Here’s what happens when two supermassive black holes collide

Here’s what happens when two supermassive black holes collide

Two black holes billions of light-years away are about to slam into each other, and it could gives us a front-row seat to an incredible event.

The scientific world is abuzz with news that two supermassive black holes that are circling each other and will collide in slow motion, releasing extraordinary amounts of energy, as we reported recently — but just what happens in this mysterious effect and how it does it affect the space-time fabric?

Scientists have spotted two black holes in the Virgo constellation billions of light-years away, spotting two quasars close to each other that seem to indicate the presence of two black holes circling each other at just a light-week apart, less than the size of our Solar System.

It’s not the first time supermassive black holes have collided in our universe’s history, but rarely has mankind been able to witness it about to happen. Most of the time scientists can only view the after-effects.

First, to understand what is really going on, you have to understand that supermassive black holes are often found at the center of galaxies — almost always, in fact. So when you see two supermassive black holes combining, you’re seeing two galaxies colliding and merging with each other, a tremendous cosmic event that is difficult for us to even comprehend.

The two black holes in particular are well within the galaxy merging process, circling each other at a very close distance, and after a period of time they will collide with each other, release a vast amount of energy and sending ripples through the space-time fabric.

Before this most recent discovery, the closest black hole pair was still 20 light years apart.

By this time, both black holes have entered the point of no return — there is no chance they escape each other’s gravity. No force exists that could possible separate them, and so it is inevitable they will collide to form a bigger black hole.

It’s an extremely violent event, and it’s a good thing we’re nowhere near it when it happens — in fact, since we’re viewing black holes that are billions of light-years away, this event already happened in our distance past, and we are only just witnessing it now.

Scientists don’t have a lot of answers on what happens when two black holes collide, other than that they form a new, larger black hole. After all, we’ve never actually witnessed one, and it certainly would not be possible to do anything but observe one at a great distance with a very powerful telescope.

However, we do know that the surface area of the new black hole will be at least the surface area of those two black holes added together. A law of black hole thermodynamics is that the total surface area of black holes can only increase.

So what exactly is a black hole anyway? Essentially, it’s a geometrically defined region of space-time that exhibits incredible gravitational effects — so great that nothing can escape its pull, not even light.

General relativity holds that a mass that is compact enough can cause space-time to be deformed to the point that it can collapse into a black hole.

Black holes are often formed when massive stars collapse at the end of a life cycle. This black hole can continue to grow as the mass of other stars and other black holes feeds it to become a behemoth, often known as a supermassive black hole. These are usually found at the center of galaxies, the center around which all of the untold amount of stars in the galaxy circle, so great is the gravity of this black hole.

It’s difficult to observe a black hole directly because it is invisible as it gives off no light, so scientists must observe it by how it interacts with other matter and visible light. An accretion disk can be formed when matter falls into a black hole, and it can be blasted out into space in the form of a quasar, which is one of the brightest known objects in the universe. Scientists can use stars orbiting the black hole to come up with some estimates on where it is located and what its mass is.

At the center of a black hole there is something called a gravitational singularity, which is where the space-time curvature suddenly becomes infinite. This single point can be described as having infinite density. Once anything is caught in the event horizon, it cannot escape being dragged into the singularity. It is then crushed into infinite density, and the mass is added to the total mass of the black hole. The immense power of the gravity will stretch out or tear apart anything that reaches this point, which is often called “spaghettification.”

Black holes have entranced the scientific community for decades. They are fundamental to understanding the laws of physics, and the difficult of observing these bodies makes them all the more mysterious.

The popular film “Interstellar” dove into the subject of both space travel and black holes. The film was a hit, grossing nearly $700 million, showing how interested the public was in such scientific questions.

 

Have something to say? Let us know in the comments section or send an email to the author. You can share ideas for stories by contacting us here.

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(pioneer news) – Scientists Report Discovery of Oldest Galaxy Yet Known

Just this week, a team of researchers out of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has reported the discovery of a new galaxy—which they call EGS8p7—estimated to be in the distant space “neighborhood,” and has been estimated to be about 13.2 billion years old. Scientists say, then, that this universe must be about the same age as the universe—born about 600,000 years later than the Big Bang.

“We report the discovery of Lyman-alpha emission (Lyα) in the bright galaxy EGSY-2008532660 (hereafter EGSY8p7) using the Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration spectrograph at the Keck Observatory,” explains the study researchers. Furthermore, the research paper adds, “Redshift results from the Doppler effect, the same phenomenon that causes the siren on a fire truck to drop in pitch as the truck passes.”
Galaxy EGS8p7 as seen from the Hubble Space Telescope
Galaxy EGS8p7, as seen from the Hubble Space Telescope (wide and top right) and Spitzer Space Telescope (inset, bottom right), taken in infrared. Credit: I. Labbé (Leiden University), NASA/ESA/JPL-Caltech

In addition, NASA Hubble astronomy post-doctoral scholar Adi Zitrin comments, “If you look at the galaxies in the early universe, there is a lot of neutral hydrogen that is not transparent to this emission. We expect that most of the radiation from this galaxy would be absorbed by the hydrogen in the intervening space. Yet still we see Lyman-alpha from this galaxy.”

Of course, this is just a new discovery so much more research is necessary before reaching any conclusions. At the same time, scientists know that data from this galaxy will certainly provide us with new insights into the evolution of our solar system.

Zitrin concludes, “We are currently calculating more thoroughly the exact chances of finding this galaxy and seeing this emission from it, and to understand whether we need to revise the timeline of the reionization, which is one of the major key questions to answer in our understanding of the evolution of the universe.”

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(daily mail) – ‘Sasquatch’ found in Maine! Graffiti artist who had spray painted Bigfoot around small coastal town tracked down and charged

  • Freeman Hatch, 36, charged with criminal mischief and drug possession 
  • Residents of Kennebunk, Maine, had seen his alleged graffiti for a year
  • Police appealed for help from populace after historical sign defaced
  • Hatch had previously posted pictures of Sasquatch on his social media 

Though the search for the real Sasquatch continues, police have tracked down the graffiti artist behind a number of spray-painted sightings of the mythical creature in coastal Maine.

Police in the town of Kennebunk grew tired of graffiti featuring Bigfoot and charged Freeman Hatch, 36, with counts of criminal mischief and possession of drugs.

He’s due in court in November after more than a dozen images of the beast began popping up over a year ago on the sides of businesses, in the street and on a historical sign.

Freeman Hatch, 36 (right), has been charged with criminal mischief and drug possession__Police say they found the man behind Sasquatch graffiti (left) that had been appearing in the coastal town of Kennebunk, Maine

Freeman Hatch, 36 (right), has been charged with criminal mischief and drug possession after police accused him of being behind Sasquatch graffiti (left) that had been appearing in the coastal town of Kennebunk, Maine

More than a dozen of the stenciled graffiti tags had appeared in the small town of 10,000, though police appealed for help after a sign about Kennebunk history was defaced

More than a dozen of the stenciled graffiti tags had appeared in the small town of 10,000, though police appealed for help after a sign about Kennebunk history was defaced

Police Chief Robert MacKenzie says the Sasquatches defaced public and private property and cost ‘time and money to repair or replace.’

Authorities grew particularly upset after one of the eight-inch-tall yetis could not be fully removed from a sign about the town’s history, according to WCSH.

They said the sign could cost $500 to replace.

After reaching out for tips on social media, police found enough evidence in Hatch’s home to charge him with the graffiti based off of a Bigfoot silhouette popular online.

Sasquatch is the folkloric beast thought by some people to roam the forests, particularly in the Pacific Northwest.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3223825/Sasquatch-Maine-Graffiti-artist-spray-painted-Bigfoot-small-coastal-town-tracked-charged.html#ixzz3kzEMn7X2
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