A small study finds cardiovascular abnormalities in daily users of e-cigarettes.
The study involved 42 adults with an average age of 28. Twenty-three had used e-cigarettes — vaped — daily for at least a year and 19 had never vaped.
All participants had no known health problems, were taking no prescription medications and did not smoke tobacco cigarettes. Electrocardiograms and blood tests were used to evaluate their heart activity. E-cigarette users were found to exhibit physiological effects not present in the nonusers, such as abnormalities in cardiovascular function that included higher oxidative stress levels and levels of adrenaline in the heart, an effect known as increased cardiac sympathetic activity. These factors are known to increase the risk of cardiovascular problems.
The former Exxon Mobil refinery on West 190th Street, now owned by New Jersey-based PBF Energy Inc., has been the site of several incidents over the years, prompting protests from residents over safety and environmental issues. The latest incident occurred on the two-year anniversary of a major explosion at the refinery that shuttered most of its operations for more than a year.